Wednesday, April 11, 2012


A mood is a relatively long lasting emotional state. Mood differs from emotions in that they are less specific, less intense, and less likely to be triggered by a particular stimulus or even. Moods generally have either a positive or negative valence. In other words, people typically speak of being in a good mood or a bad mood.

Types of mood :
Aggressive, angry bitter, bright, calm, care less, dramatic, difficult exciting, elegant, fierce, fun, gleeful, gloomy, happy, harsh, homorous, hungry, lazy, lively, malevolent messy, outraged, paranoid, playful, precious, raucous, relaxed, sad, silly, soothing, spooky, warm, whimsical . . . . .

Types of mood disorders :
There are 2 general classifications for mood disorders, also known as affective disorders ;

1. Bipolar disorders.( Manic-depression )
Where the patient experiences swings from depression ( extreme sadness ) to mania ( extreme happiness ).

2. Depressive disorders.
Where the person experiences extended, unexplainable periods of sadness.

A. Major depressive disorder.
A person suffering from major depressive disorder is in a depressed mood for most of the day,
nearly every day or has lost interest or pleasure in all, or almost all, activities, for a period of at least two weeks.

B. Single episode.
Single episode depression is like major depression only it strikes in one dramatic episode.

C. Recurrent.
Recurrent depression is an extended pattern of depressed episodes. Depressed episodes can include any of the features of major depressive disorder.

Treatment :
Mood disorders respond to two major forms of treatment,
- biogenic
- psychotheraputic
The best approach is usually a combination of the two.

1. Biogenic treatment.
2 major types of drugs, tricyclics and MAO inhibitors are used in treatment of moderate to severe disorders.
If unsuccessful, electroconvulsive therapy may even be tried.
The treatment of choice for bipolar disorders is lithium carbonate.

2. Psychotheraputic approaches.

There are many types of psychotherapy that can be used to treat sufferers of depression :
i. Interpersonal therapy
ii. Cognitive behavioral therapy
iii. Psychoanalytically oriented therapy


credits : wikipedia,

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